The Competition Commission of India has imposed a provisional penalty of Rs. 1337.76 crore on Google for abusing its dominant position in multiple markets in the Android Mobile device ecosystem. The regulator also issued cease and desist directions to the tech giant on a number of its business practices. Big tech companies have faced similar actions in various other countries as well. During the course of inquiry, Google argued about the competitive constraints being faced from Apple. However the Commission noted the differences in the two business models which affect the underlying incentives of business decisions. According to CCI, Google manages the Android operating system as well as other licences, which gives it advantage over its competitors to pre-install most prominent search entry points such as search apps, widget and Chrome browser on Android devices.
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