Prelims Revision

  1. The Channar Lahala or Channar revolt, also called Maru Marakkal Samaram, refers to the fight from 1813 to 1859 of Nadar climber women in Travancore kingdom for the right to wear upper-body clothes to cover their breasts. Nadar is a Tamil caste of South India.
  2. The Kali Masi/Kadaknath is a local breed of chicken in Madhya Pradesh which is completely black in colour: feathers, flesh and even bones. The chicken, traditionally reared by Jhabua’s adivasi communities, was granted a Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the government registry.
  3. Centre for Military Airworthiness & Certification (CEMILAC) is a laboratory of the Defence Research and Development Organisation 
  4. The RBI has appointed an eight-member expert committee headed by former SEBI chairman U.K. Sinha to comprehensively review and propose long-term solutions for revival of the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) sector.
  5. The U.S. and Israel officially quit the UN’s educational, scientific and cultural agency (UNESCO). UNESCO was co-founded by the U.S. after the Second World War to foster peace.
  6. Dissolved oxygen levels, Biological oxygen demand (BOD) levels and faecal coliform – these three parameters are a proxy for both the presence of aquatic life as well as microbes that may be harmful to these biota, and are conventionally used to assess the quality of the river.
  7. Usually during the winter, a distinctly dark large bird – the Cinereous vulture, with a blacked-tipped pink beak – migrates from the mountainous regions of Europe and Asia to warmer places, including India. Earlier records of this migratory bird have revealed that it comes to northern parts of India up to Rajasthan. Cinereous vulture is classified as Near Threatened under the IUCN Red List. 
  8. Western Ghats have received the UNESCO world heritage tag and has been recognised as one of the world’s eight richest biodiversity hot spots. The Ghats extend from Dang in Maharashtra-Gujarat to a place near Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, along the western coast. The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF) has notified 56,825 sq km of the Western Ghats spread along a 15,000km in six states as ecologically sensitive area (ESA). The draft notification, if it gets final clearance, will ban activities including constructions, mining, quarrying and sand mining.
  9. The farthest, and quite possibly the oldest, cosmic body ever photographed by humankind, is a tiny, distant world called Ultima Thule 6.4 billion kilometres away. The mysterious object is in a dark and frigid region of space known as the Kuiper Belt. Scientists decided to study it with New Horizons after the spaceship, which launched in 2006, completed its main mission of flying by Pluto in 2015, returning the most detailed images ever taken of the dwarf planet; Ultima Thule, is an icy celestial body, is aptly shaped like a giant snowman.
  10. The 125-year-old Old High Court Building in Nagpur, Maharashtra, and two Mughal-era monuments in Agra — Haveli of Agha Khan and Hathi Khana — are among the six monuments declared protected and of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 2018. The ancient Neemrana Baori in Rajasthan’s Alwar district; the Group of Temples at Ranipur Jharail in Odisha’s Bolangir district; and the Vishnu Temple in Kotali, Pithoragarh district, Uttarkhand, are the three other monuments that have been listed. In 2016 and 2017, no new monument was included in the list of sites of national importance. The last monument to be included in the list, in 2015, was the Vishnu Temple in Nadavayal in Kerala’s Wayanad district.

Categories: POINT IAS

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