Local Self Government – The Panchayats & The Municipalities

  • Constitutional Basis – Article 40 under the Directive Principles of State Policy of the Constitution says – “The state shall take steps to organize village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government.”
  • Important Committees – Balwant Rai Mehta Committee; Ashok Mehta Committee; GVK Rao Committee; L M Singhvi Committee.
  • Constitutional Amendments – The 73rd and 74th Amendment Acts provided constitutional status to rural and urban local self government bodies respectively. The 73rd amendment act added a new ‘Part – IX’ to the Constitution of India entitled ‘The Panchayats’. The 74th Amendment Act added the ‘Part – IX – A’ to the Constitution of India entitled ‘The Municipalities’.

Millennium Development Goals

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were the eight international development goals for the year 2015 that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All 191 United Nations member states at that time, […]

United Nations Millennium Campaign

The United Nations Millennium Campaign (UNMC) was a UN campaign unit that was set up in response to the Millennium Declaration signed by 189 member states. Established in October, 2002, the UNMC aimed to increase support to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and seek a […]

Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana

An initiative of Minister of Communications, Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana aims to increase the reach of Philately (the hobby of collection and study of Postage stamps). Under the scheme of SPARSH (Scholarship for Promotion of Aptitude & Research in Stamps as a Hobby), it is […]

Integrated Power Development Scheme

Ministry of Power, Government of India notified “Integrated Power Development Scheme” (IPDS) on 3rd December’14 with following components: 1. Strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution network in the urban areas; 2. Metering of distribution transformers /feeders / consumers […]