PRELIMS REVISION – 9 (FROM JULY, 2018)

  1. In 2018, Earth Overshoot Day lands on August 1. Earth Overshoot Day marks the date when humanity has exhausted nature’s budget for the year. For the rest of the year, we are maintaining our ecological deficit by drawing down local resource stocks and accumulating carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Source: Global Footprint Network.
  2. Theyyam(Teyyam,Theyam, Theyyattam) is a popular ritual form of worship of North Malabar in Kerala, India, predominant in the Kolathunadu area (consisting of present-day Kasargod, Kannur Districts, Mananthavady Taluk of Wayanad and Vatakara and Koyilandy Taluks of Kozhikode of Kerala). Karkkadakam is the Malyalam month of Moonsoon.
  3. The Cauvery river originates as a small spring at Talacauvery in the Brahmagiri Hills of Kodagu district in Karnataka and through its 802-km journey before emptying into the Bay of Bengal at Poompuhar on the Coromandel coast. The total length of the river from its source to its outfall in Bay of Bengal is about 800 km of which 320 km is in Karnataka, 416 km in Tamil Nadu.
  4. Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) is a statutory market committee constituted by a State Government in respect of trade in certain notified agricultural or horticultural or livestock products, under the Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act issued by that state government. While intra-state trades fall under the jurisdiction of state governments, inter-state trading comes under Central or Federal Government (including intra-state trading in a few commodities like raw jute, cotton, etc.). Unlike most other States that are part of eNAM, Kerala does not have an Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC), a regulatory mechanism for trade. Read more at Indian Economic Service and The Hindu.
  5. The International Seabed Authority is an autonomous international organization established under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The Authority is the organization through which States Parties to the Convention shall, in accordance with the regime for the seabed and ocean floor and subsoil thereof beyond the limits of national jurisdiction (the Area) established in Part XI and the Agreement, organize and control activities in the Area, particularly with a view to administering the resources of the Area. The Authority, which has its headquarters in Kingston, Jamaica. Source: International Seabed Authority.
  6. The Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS), headquartered in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, is a permanent organ of the SCO which serves to promote cooperation of member states against terrorism, extremism and separatism.
  7. India was allocated only 75,000 sq km. in the Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB) by the UN International Sea Bed Authority for exploitation of polymetallic nodules. These are rocks scattered on the seabed containing iron, manganese, nickel and cobalt. Read more at The Hindu. Copper is also found in ‘Polymetallic nodules’. Also read International Seabed Authority. The program on poly metallic nodules was initiated at Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-National Institute of Oceanography with the collection of the first nodule sample from Arabian Sea on board the first research vessel Gaveshani on January 26,1981. India was the first country in the world to have been given the pioneer area for exploration of deep-sea mineral, namely, polymetallic nodules in the Central Indian Ocean Basin in 1987. Source: The Hindu.
  8. India has procured the “Smerch Multi-Barrel Rocket” launchers from Russia.
  9. North America, primarily the U.S., accounted for more than 30% of India’s pharma exports in FY18. While it may continue to remain the single largest destination for some more time to come, the fact is it also was the only market to have recorded a contraction in India’s drug export basket. Read more at: The Hindu.
  10. Huyen langlon is an Indian martial art from Manipur. Huyen langlon consists of two main components: thang-ta and sarit sarak; Kalaripayattu is a martial art and fighting system, which originated as a style in Kerala. Gatka is the name of an Sikh religion martial art associated with the Sikhs of the Punjab Source: Wikipedia.