Category: General Studies

Under this section, we would provide our readers with contextual information extracted after careful research and analysis of various resources. The information under this head shall be provided in an essay format so as to boost the understanding of our readers and shall be extremely useful for answer writing in the UPSC CSE Mains examination.

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Foreign Portfolio Investment.

What is foreign portfolio investment? Foreign [popup_anything id=”3852″] (FPI) is the entry of funds into a country where foreigners deposit money in a country’s bank or make purchases in the country’s stock and bond markets. Most foreign portfolio investments consist of securities and […]

The Third Pole.

What is the third pole? The region encompassing the Himalaya-Hindu Kush mountain range and the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia is referred as the ‘Third Pole’ because it has the largest ice storehouse after north […]


What are ‘bioplastics’? Bioplastics are plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats, corn starch, straw, woodchips, food waste etc. Bioplastic can be made from agricultural by-products and also from used plastic bottles and other containers using microorganisms. Unlike […]

Hybrid Annuity Model.

Background: The Hybrid-Annuity Model or HAM was introduced in January 2016 to revive investments in road infrastructure projects. What is Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM)? HAM is a mix of the EPC (engineering, procurement and construction) […]