Prelims Quiz – August 09, 2018

Click on any of the options to view the Answer.

 
Which of the following organisation formally declares a situation to be a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC):
   
World Health Organisation
(Answer – World Health Organisation). The responsibility of determining whether an event is within this category lies with the WHO Director-General and requires the convening of a committee of experts – the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee. Read more at World Health Organisation.
   
Pan American Health Organisation
(Answer – World Health Organisation). The responsibility of determining whether an event is within this category lies with the WHO Director-General and requires the convening of a committee of experts – the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee. Read more at World Health Organisation.
   
Medecins Sans Frontieres/Doctors Without Borders
(Answer – World Health Organisation). The responsibility of determining whether an event is within this category lies with the WHO Director-General and requires the convening of a committee of experts – the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee. Read more at World Health Organisation.
 
European Commission
(Answer – World Health Organisation). The responsibility of determining whether an event is within this category lies with the WHO Director-General and requires the convening of a committee of experts – the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee. Read more at World Health Organisation.
   
 
Which of the following institutions form part of the ‘Bretton Woods’ system: (1) World Bank; (2) International Monetary Fund; (3) World Trade Organisation; (4) International Trade Organisation.
   
Only 1 and 2
(Answer – Only 1 and 2). The Bretton Woods Institutions are the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). They were set up at a meeting of 43 countries in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, USA in July 1944. Their aims were to help rebuild the shattered postwar economy and to promote international economic cooperation. The original Bretton Woods agreement also included plans for an International Trade Organisation (ITO) but these lay dormant until the World Trade Organisation (WTO) was created in the early 1990s. Read more at: Bretton Woods Project.
   
Only 1, 2 and 3
(Answer – Only 1 and 2). The Bretton Woods Institutions are the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). They were set up at a meeting of 43 countries in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, USA in July 1944. Their aims were to help rebuild the shattered postwar economy and to promote international economic cooperation. The original Bretton Woods agreement also included plans for an International Trade Organisation (ITO) but these lay dormant until the World Trade Organisation (WTO) was created in the early 1990s. Read more at: Bretton Woods Project.
   
Only 1, 3 and 4
(Answer – Only 1 and 2). The Bretton Woods Institutions are the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). They were set up at a meeting of 43 countries in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, USA in July 1944. Their aims were to help rebuild the shattered postwar economy and to promote international economic cooperation. The original Bretton Woods agreement also included plans for an International Trade Organisation (ITO) but these lay dormant until the World Trade Organisation (WTO) was created in the early 1990s. Read more at: Bretton Woods Project.
 
1, 2, 3 and 4
(Answer – Only 1 and 2). The Bretton Woods Institutions are the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). They were set up at a meeting of 43 countries in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, USA in July 1944. Their aims were to help rebuild the shattered postwar economy and to promote international economic cooperation. The original Bretton Woods agreement also included plans for an International Trade Organisation (ITO) but these lay dormant until the World Trade Organisation (WTO) was created in the early 1990s. Read more at: Bretton Woods Project.
   
 
Which of the following codes correctly represents the following GATT/WTO rounds in a chronological manner: (1) Uruguay; (2) Annecy; (3) Tokyo; (4)Doha
   
2-3-1-4
(Answer – 2-3-1-4). Annecy – 1949; Tokyo – 1973; Uruguay – 1986; Doha – 2001. It is important to know the timelines and important features of all GATT/WTO rounds. A brief table can be found at Wikipedia. The Doha round is the last round and has not concluded yet.   
   
3-2-1-4
(Answer – 2-3-1-4). Annecy – 1949; Tokyo – 1973; Uruguay – 1986; Doha – 2001. It is important to know the timelines and important features of all GATT/WTO rounds. A brief table can be found at Wikipedia. The Doha round is the last round and has not concluded yet.   
   
2-1-3-4
(Answer – 2-3-1-4). Annecy – 1949; Tokyo – 1973; Uruguay – 1986; Doha – 2001. It is important to know the timelines and important features of all GATT/WTO rounds. A brief table can be found at Wikipedia. The Doha round is the last round and has not concluded yet.   
 
3-1-2-4
(Answer – 2-3-1-4). Annecy – 1949; Tokyo – 1973; Uruguay – 1986; Doha – 2001. It is important to know the timelines and important features of all GATT/WTO rounds. A brief table can be found at Wikipedia. The Doha round is the last round and has not concluded yet.   
   
 
The ISRO satellite ‘KALPANA-1’ has which of the following applications:
   
Climate and Environment
(Answer – Climate and Environment). METSAT (renamed as Kalpana – 1 on February 5, 2003 after the Indian born American Astronaut Dr. Kalpana Chawla, who died on February 1, 2003 in the US Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) is the first in the series of exclusive meteorological satellites built by ISRO. Source: ISRO.
   
Earth Observation
(Answer – Climate and Environment). METSAT (renamed as Kalpana – 1 on February 5, 2003 after the Indian born American Astronaut Dr. Kalpana Chawla, who died on February 1, 2003 in the US Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) is the first in the series of exclusive meteorological satellites built by ISRO. Source: ISRO.
   
Disaster Management System
(Answer – Climate and Environment). METSAT (renamed as Kalpana – 1 on February 5, 2003 after the Indian born American Astronaut Dr. Kalpana Chawla, who died on February 1, 2003 in the US Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) is the first in the series of exclusive meteorological satellites built by ISRO. Source: ISRO.
 
Navigation
(Answer – Climate and Environment). METSAT (renamed as Kalpana – 1 on February 5, 2003 after the Indian born American Astronaut Dr. Kalpana Chawla, who died on February 1, 2003 in the US Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) is the first in the series of exclusive meteorological satellites built by ISRO. Source: ISRO.
   
 
Which of the following committees dealt with ‘Industrial Training Institutes and Skill Development Initiative Scheme’:
   
Kirit Somaiya Committee
(Answer – Kirit Somaiya Committee). The Standing Committee on Labour (Chairperson: Dr. Kirit Somaiya) submitted its report on ‘Industrial Training Institutes and Skill Development Initiative Scheme’ on January 4, 2018. Read the details about the report at PRS.
   
Mihir Shah Committee
(Answer – Kirit Somaiya Committee). The Standing Committee on Labour (Chairperson: Dr. Kirit Somaiya) submitted its report on ‘Industrial Training Institutes and Skill Development Initiative Scheme’ on January 4, 2018. Read the details about the report at PRS.
   
Sunil Mehta Committee
(Answer – Kirit Somaiya Committee). The Standing Committee on Labour (Chairperson: Dr. Kirit Somaiya) submitted its report on ‘Industrial Training Institutes and Skill Development Initiative Scheme’ on January 4, 2018. Read the details about the report at PRS.
 
None of the other 3 options
(Answer – Kirit Somaiya Committee). The Standing Committee on Labour (Chairperson: Dr. Kirit Somaiya) submitted its report on ‘Industrial Training Institutes and Skill Development Initiative Scheme’ on January 4, 2018. Read the details about the report at PRS.
   

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