Prelims Quiz – August 08, 2018

Click on any of the options to view the Answer.

 
Which of the following statements is/are true: (1) Road transport is a part of the ‘Union List’ under the Constitution of India; (2) The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill in its current form empowers the Centre to form a National Transportation Policy through a process of consultation, and not concurrence.
   
Only 2
(Answer – Only 2). Road transport is a part of the ‘Concurrent List’ of the Constitution of India. Item 35 in the concurrent list in the seventh schedule of the Constitution puts mechanically propelled vehicles, including the principle on which taxes on such vehicles can be levied, in the domain of both the Centre and the state governments. The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, passed by the Lok Sabha last year has now run into opposition in the Rajya Sabha because of its perceived shift of power from the States to the Centre. The issue is not one of legislative competence; as the subject is in the Concurrent List, Parliament can make a law defining powers available to the States. Some State governments are concerned about the new provisions, Sections 66A and 88A, which will empower the Centre to form a National Transportation Policy through a process of consultation, and not concurrence. Read more at The Hindu.
   
Only 1
(Answer – Only 2). Road transport is a part of the ‘Concurrent List’ of the Constitution of India. Item 35 in the concurrent list in the seventh schedule of the Constitution puts mechanically propelled vehicles, including the principle on which taxes on such vehicles can be levied, in the domain of both the Centre and the state governments. The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, passed by the Lok Sabha last year has now run into opposition in the Rajya Sabha because of its perceived shift of power from the States to the Centre. The issue is not one of legislative competence; as the subject is in the Concurrent List, Parliament can make a law defining powers available to the States. Some State governments are concerned about the new provisions, Sections 66A and 88A, which will empower the Centre to form a National Transportation Policy through a process of consultation, and not concurrence. Read more at The Hindu.
   
Both 1 and 2
(Answer – Only 2). Road transport is a part of the ‘Concurrent List’ of the Constitution of India. Item 35 in the concurrent list in the seventh schedule of the Constitution puts mechanically propelled vehicles, including the principle on which taxes on such vehicles can be levied, in the domain of both the Centre and the state governments. The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, passed by the Lok Sabha last year has now run into opposition in the Rajya Sabha because of its perceived shift of power from the States to the Centre. The issue is not one of legislative competence; as the subject is in the Concurrent List, Parliament can make a law defining powers available to the States. Some State governments are concerned about the new provisions, Sections 66A and 88A, which will empower the Centre to form a National Transportation Policy through a process of consultation, and not concurrence. Read more at The Hindu.
 
Neither 1 nor 2
(Answer – Only 2). Road transport is a part of the ‘Concurrent List’ of the Constitution of India. Item 35 in the concurrent list in the seventh schedule of the Constitution puts mechanically propelled vehicles, including the principle on which taxes on such vehicles can be levied, in the domain of both the Centre and the state governments. The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, passed by the Lok Sabha last year has now run into opposition in the Rajya Sabha because of its perceived shift of power from the States to the Centre. The issue is not one of legislative competence; as the subject is in the Concurrent List, Parliament can make a law defining powers available to the States. Some State governments are concerned about the new provisions, Sections 66A and 88A, which will empower the Centre to form a National Transportation Policy through a process of consultation, and not concurrence. Read more at The Hindu.
   
 
The ‘Belfast Agreement’ is recently seen in the news in relation to:
   
United Kingdom
(Answer – United Kingdom). The Good Friday Agreement or Belfast Agreement was a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process of the 1990s. Northern Ireland’s present devolved system of government is based on the agreement. The agreement acknowledged the constitutional status of Northern Ireland as a part of the United Kingdom, reflecting the wish of the majority of citizens. But it also established a principle of consent – that a united Ireland could come about if and when a majority of people in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland wanted it. In this instance, the British government would be bound to hold a referendum, and honour the result. Source: Independent. This has been in news recently in the context of Brexit. Both the European Union and the U.K. are against a hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, key to the Good Friday Agreement. Also read: The Hindu.
   
United States of America
(Answer – United Kingdom). The Good Friday Agreement or Belfast Agreement was a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process of the 1990s. Northern Ireland’s present devolved system of government is based on the agreement. The agreement acknowledged the constitutional status of Northern Ireland as a part of the United Kingdom, reflecting the wish of the majority of citizens. But it also established a principle of consent – that a united Ireland could come about if and when a majority of people in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland wanted it. In this instance, the British government would be bound to hold a referendum, and honour the result. Source: Independent. This has been in news recently in the context of Brexit. Both the European Union and the U.K. are against a hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, key to the Good Friday Agreement. Also read: The Hindu.
   
France
(Answer – United Kingdom). The Good Friday Agreement or Belfast Agreement was a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process of the 1990s. Northern Ireland’s present devolved system of government is based on the agreement. The agreement acknowledged the constitutional status of Northern Ireland as a part of the United Kingdom, reflecting the wish of the majority of citizens. But it also established a principle of consent – that a united Ireland could come about if and when a majority of people in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland wanted it. In this instance, the British government would be bound to hold a referendum, and honour the result. Source: Independent. This has been in news recently in the context of Brexit. Both the European Union and the U.K. are against a hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, key to the Good Friday Agreement. Also read: The Hindu.
 
Israel
(Answer – United Kingdom). The Good Friday Agreement or Belfast Agreement was a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process of the 1990s. Northern Ireland’s present devolved system of government is based on the agreement. The agreement acknowledged the constitutional status of Northern Ireland as a part of the United Kingdom, reflecting the wish of the majority of citizens. But it also established a principle of consent – that a united Ireland could come about if and when a majority of people in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland wanted it. In this instance, the British government would be bound to hold a referendum, and honour the result. Source: Independent. This has been in news recently in the context of Brexit. Both the European Union and the U.K. are against a hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, key to the Good Friday Agreement. Also read: The Hindu.
   
 
The VSV-ZEBOV vaccine is said to offer ‘substantial protection’ against which of the following:
   
Ebola Virus
(Answer – Ebola Virus). Experimental vaccines are under development for Ebola, including a vaccine known as VSV-EBOV, which was found to be highly effective in preventing the spread of ebola virus among persons in close contact with infected individuals. In results of the 2015 vaccination trial carried out in Guinea (and published in The Lancet), the vaccine offered “substantial protection” against Ebola. Though the vaccine is still to be approved by a regulatory agency for commercial use, it has been approved for ‘compassionate use’ in outbreaks. Read more at: Britannica.
   
Dengue Virus
(Answer – Ebola Virus). Experimental vaccines are under development for Ebola, including a vaccine known as VSV-EBOV, which was found to be highly effective in preventing the spread of ebola virus among persons in close contact with infected individuals. In results of the 2015 vaccination trial carried out in Guinea (and published in The Lancet), the vaccine offered “substantial protection” against Ebola. Though the vaccine is still to be approved by a regulatory agency for commercial use, it has been approved for ‘compassionate use’ in outbreaks. Read more at: Britannica.
   
Zika Virus
(Answer – Ebola Virus). Experimental vaccines are under development for Ebola, including a vaccine known as VSV-EBOV, which was found to be highly effective in preventing the spread of ebola virus among persons in close contact with infected individuals. In results of the 2015 vaccination trial carried out in Guinea (and published in The Lancet), the vaccine offered “substantial protection” against Ebola. Though the vaccine is still to be approved by a regulatory agency for commercial use, it has been approved for ‘compassionate use’ in outbreaks. Read more at: Britannica.
 
HIV virus
(Answer – Ebola Virus). Experimental vaccines are under development for Ebola, including a vaccine known as VSV-EBOV, which was found to be highly effective in preventing the spread of ebola virus among persons in close contact with infected individuals. In results of the 2015 vaccination trial carried out in Guinea (and published in The Lancet), the vaccine offered “substantial protection” against Ebola. Though the vaccine is still to be approved by a regulatory agency for commercial use, it has been approved for ‘compassionate use’ in outbreaks. Read more at: Britannica.
   
 
Which of the following statements is/are true: (1) The World Trade Organisation came into existence as a replacement of The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; (2) The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was formed as a result of the Havana Charter; (3) The World Trade Organisation was formed after the completion of the Uruguay Round of negotiations.
   
Only 1 and 3
(Answer – Only 1 and 3).  The GATT was first discussed during the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment and was the outcome of the failure of negotiating governments to create the International Trade Organisation (ITO) [the Havana Charter was the draft agreement for the creation of the ITO which never came into existence]. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade remained in effect until the signature by 123 nations in Marrakesh on April 14, 1994, of the Uruguay Round Agreements, which established the World Trade Organisation (WTO) on January 1, 1995. Source: Wikipedia. Also read: The Hindu.
   
Only 1
(Answer – Only 1 and 3).  The GATT was first discussed during the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment and was the outcome of the failure of negotiating governments to create the International Trade Organisation (ITO) [the Havana Charter was the draft agreement for the creation of the ITO which never came into existence]. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade remained in effect until the signature by 123 nations in Marrakesh on April 14, 1994, of the Uruguay Round Agreements, which established the World Trade Organisation (WTO) on January 1, 1995. Source: Wikipedia. Also read: The Hindu.
   
Only 1 and 2
(Answer – Only 1 and 3).  The GATT was first discussed during the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment and was the outcome of the failure of negotiating governments to create the International Trade Organisation (ITO) [the Havana Charter was the draft agreement for the creation of the ITO which never came into existence]. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade remained in effect until the signature by 123 nations in Marrakesh on April 14, 1994, of the Uruguay Round Agreements, which established the World Trade Organisation (WTO) on January 1, 1995. Source: Wikipedia. Also read: The Hindu.
 
1, 2 and 3
(Answer – Only 1 and 3).  The GATT was first discussed during the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment and was the outcome of the failure of negotiating governments to create the International Trade Organisation (ITO) [the Havana Charter was the draft agreement for the creation of the ITO which never came into existence]. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade remained in effect until the signature by 123 nations in Marrakesh on April 14, 1994, of the Uruguay Round Agreements, which established the World Trade Organisation (WTO) on January 1, 1995. Source: Wikipedia. Also read: The Hindu.
   
 
Which of the statements mentioned below is/are true: (1) States’ Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index (SEEPI) is released by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy; (2) Kerala has emerged as the ‘Front Runner’ state in the recently released SEEPI.
   
Only 2
(Answer – Only 2). ‘State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index’, which assesses state policies and programmes aimed at improving energy efficiency across various sectors is a nationwide Index, which is a joint effort of the NITI Aayog and Bureau of Energy Efficiency. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency is an agency of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Power. The State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index has 63 indicators across Building, Industry, Municipality, Transport, Agriculture and DISCOM with 4 cross-cutting indicators. States are categorised based on their efforts and achievements towards energy efficiency implementation, as ‘Front Runner’, ‘Achiever’, ‘Contender’ and ‘Aspirant’. The ‘Front Runner’ states in the inaugural edition of the Index are: Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Rajasthan based on available data. Source: PIB. Also read: The Hindu.
   
Only 1
(Answer – Only 2). ‘State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index’, which assesses state policies and programmes aimed at improving energy efficiency across various sectors is a nationwide Index, which is a joint effort of the NITI Aayog and Bureau of Energy Efficiency. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency is an agency of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Power. The State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index has 63 indicators across Building, Industry, Municipality, Transport, Agriculture and DISCOM with 4 cross-cutting indicators. States are categorised based on their efforts and achievements towards energy efficiency implementation, as ‘Front Runner’, ‘Achiever’, ‘Contender’ and ‘Aspirant’. The ‘Front Runner’ states in the inaugural edition of the Index are: Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Rajasthan based on available data. Source: PIB. Also read: The Hindu.
   
Both 1 and 2
(Answer – Only 2). ‘State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index’, which assesses state policies and programmes aimed at improving energy efficiency across various sectors is a nationwide Index, which is a joint effort of the NITI Aayog and Bureau of Energy Efficiency. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency is an agency of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Power. The State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index has 63 indicators across Building, Industry, Municipality, Transport, Agriculture and DISCOM with 4 cross-cutting indicators. States are categorised based on their efforts and achievements towards energy efficiency implementation, as ‘Front Runner’, ‘Achiever’, ‘Contender’ and ‘Aspirant’. The ‘Front Runner’ states in the inaugural edition of the Index are: Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Rajasthan based on available data. Source: PIB. Also read: The Hindu.
 
Neither 1 nor 2
(Answer – Only 2). ‘State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index’, which assesses state policies and programmes aimed at improving energy efficiency across various sectors is a nationwide Index, which is a joint effort of the NITI Aayog and Bureau of Energy Efficiency. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency is an agency of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Power. The State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index has 63 indicators across Building, Industry, Municipality, Transport, Agriculture and DISCOM with 4 cross-cutting indicators. States are categorised based on their efforts and achievements towards energy efficiency implementation, as ‘Front Runner’, ‘Achiever’, ‘Contender’ and ‘Aspirant’. The ‘Front Runner’ states in the inaugural edition of the Index are: Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Rajasthan based on available data. Source: PIB. Also read: The Hindu.
   

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