Prelims Quiz – August 03, 2018

Click on any of the options to view the Answer.

 
The annual publication – ‘World Report’ on human rights is published by which of the following organisations:
   
Human Rights Watch
(Answer – Human Rights Watch). ‘World Report’ by the Human Rights Watch summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide. World Report 2018.
   
Reporters Without Borders
(Answer – Human Rights Watch). ‘World Report’ by the Human Rights Watch summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide. World Report 2018.
   
Amnesty International
(Answer – Human Rights Watch). ‘World Report’ by the Human Rights Watch summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide. World Report 2018.
 
UNICEF
(Answer – Human Rights Watch). ‘World Report’ by the Human Rights Watch summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide. World Report 2018.
   
 
Which of the following statements about the National Bamboo Mission (NBM) is/are true: (1) NBM is a centrally sponsored scheme; (2) It has a budget outlay of 1290 crores.
   
Both 1 and 2
(Answer – Both 1 and 2). The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has approved Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Bamboo Mission (NBM) under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) during remaining period of Fourteenth Finance Commission (2018-19 & 2019-20). An outlay of Rs.1290 crore (with Rs. 950 crore as Central share) is provisioned for implementation of the Mission during the remaining period of 14th Finance Commission (2018-19 and 2019-20). Read more at PIB.
   
Only 1
(Answer – Both 1 and 2). The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has approved Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Bamboo Mission (NBM) under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) during remaining period of Fourteenth Finance Commission (2018-19 & 2019-20). An outlay of Rs.1290 crore (with Rs. 950 crore as Central share) is provisioned for implementation of the Mission during the remaining period of 14th Finance Commission (2018-19 and 2019-20). Read more at PIB.
   
Only 2
(Answer – Both 1 and 2). The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has approved Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Bamboo Mission (NBM) under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) during remaining period of Fourteenth Finance Commission (2018-19 & 2019-20). An outlay of Rs.1290 crore (with Rs. 950 crore as Central share) is provisioned for implementation of the Mission during the remaining period of 14th Finance Commission (2018-19 and 2019-20). Read more at PIB.
 
Neither 1 nor 2
(Answer – Both 1 and 2). The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has approved Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Bamboo Mission (NBM) under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) during remaining period of Fourteenth Finance Commission (2018-19 & 2019-20). An outlay of Rs.1290 crore (with Rs. 950 crore as Central share) is provisioned for implementation of the Mission during the remaining period of 14th Finance Commission (2018-19 and 2019-20). Read more at PIB.
   
 
Consider the following: (1) Palms; (2) Medicinal Shrubs; (3) Brush-wood; (4) Cane; (5) stumps; (6) Bamboo. Which of the above are included under the definition of ‘trees’ under the Indian Forest Act, 1927.
   
1, 3, 4 and 5 only
(Answer – 1, 3, 4 and 5 only). Under the Indian Forest Act, the definition of ‘tree’ includes palms, stumps, brush-wood, and canes.  A recent amendment in the Act has removed ‘bamboo’ from the definition. Consequent to the amendment, felling or transportation of bamboos growing in non-forest areas will not require any permits. Source: PRS Legislative Research. However, bamboo grown in the forest areas shall continue to be governed by the provisions of Indian Forest Act, 1927. Read more at PIB.
   
1, 2, 4 and 4 only
(Answer – 1, 3, 4 and 5 only). Under the Indian Forest Act, the definition of ‘tree’ includes palms, stumps, brush-wood, and canes.  A recent amendment in the Act has removed ‘bamboo’ from the definition. Consequent to the amendment, felling or transportation of bamboos growing in non-forest areas will not require any permits. Source: PRS Legislative Research. However, bamboo grown in the forest areas shall continue to be governed by the provisions of Indian Forest Act, 1927. Read more at PIB.
   
1, 3 and 5 only
(Answer – 1, 3, 4 and 5 only). Under the Indian Forest Act, the definition of ‘tree’ includes palms, stumps, brush-wood, and canes.  A recent amendment in the Act has removed ‘bamboo’ from the definition. Consequent to the amendment, felling or transportation of bamboos growing in non-forest areas will not require any permits. Source: PRS Legislative Research. However, bamboo grown in the forest areas shall continue to be governed by the provisions of Indian Forest Act, 1927. Read more at PIB.
 
1, 2, 4 and 5 only
(Answer – 1, 3, 4 and 5 only). Under the Indian Forest Act, the definition of ‘tree’ includes palms, stumps, brush-wood, and canes.  A recent amendment in the Act has removed ‘bamboo’ from the definition. Consequent to the amendment, felling or transportation of bamboos growing in non-forest areas will not require any permits. Source: PRS Legislative Research. However, bamboo grown in the forest areas shall continue to be governed by the provisions of Indian Forest Act, 1927. Read more at PIB.
   
 
The term ‘New Southern Policy’ is sometimes seen in the news in relation to:
   
South Korea
(Answer – South Korea). The ‘New Southern Policy’ of South Korea’s is meant for development of its relations with Southeast Asia and ASEAN. India forms a significant part of the New Southern Policy. Also read: The Diplomat and The Hindu.
   
Japan
(Answer – South Korea). The ‘New Southern Policy’ of South Korea’s is meant for development of its relations with Southeast Asia and ASEAN. India forms a significant part of the New Southern Policy. Also read: The Diplomat and The Hindu.
   
China
(Answer – South Korea). The ‘New Southern Policy’ of South Korea’s is meant for development of its relations with Southeast Asia and ASEAN. India forms a significant part of the New Southern Policy. Also read: The Diplomat and The Hindu.
 
Malaysia
(Answer – South Korea). The ‘New Southern Policy’ of South Korea’s is meant for development of its relations with Southeast Asia and ASEAN. India forms a significant part of the New Southern Policy. Also read: The Diplomat and The Hindu.
   
 
Which of the following statements about the hormone ‘Oxytoic’ is/are true: (1) Oxytocin is useful to stop postpartum bleeding in pregnant women; (2) Injection of oxytocin in dairy animals leads to reduction in milk production.
   
Only 1
(Answer – Only 1). The drug, a synthetic version of a human hormone, is a life-saver for women. Doctors use it to induce labour in pregnant women and to stem postpartum bleeding. So critical is its role in maternal health that the World Health Organization recommends it as the drug of choice in postpartum haemorrhage. Oxytocin stimulates lactation in cattle, dairy farmers inject the drug indiscriminately to increase milk production. Citing overuse and abuse of the hormone in dairy farms, Union Health Ministry’s has banned the retail sale and private manufacture of oxytocin. Read more at The Hindu.
   
Only 2
(Answer – Only 1). The drug, a synthetic version of a human hormone, is a life-saver for women. Doctors use it to induce labour in pregnant women and to stem postpartum bleeding. So critical is its role in maternal health that the World Health Organization recommends it as the drug of choice in postpartum haemorrhage. Oxytocin stimulates lactation in cattle, dairy farmers inject the drug indiscriminately to increase milk production. Citing overuse and abuse of the hormone in dairy farms, Union Health Ministry’s has banned the retail sale and private manufacture of oxytocin. Read more at The Hindu.
   
Both 1 and 2
(Answer – Only 1). The drug, a synthetic version of a human hormone, is a life-saver for women. Doctors use it to induce labour in pregnant women and to stem postpartum bleeding. So critical is its role in maternal health that the World Health Organization recommends it as the drug of choice in postpartum haemorrhage. Oxytocin stimulates lactation in cattle, dairy farmers inject the drug indiscriminately to increase milk production. Citing overuse and abuse of the hormone in dairy farms, Union Health Ministry’s has banned the retail sale and private manufacture of oxytocin. Read more at The Hindu.
 
Neither 1 nor 2
(Answer – Only 1). The drug, a synthetic version of a human hormone, is a life-saver for women. Doctors use it to induce labour in pregnant women and to stem postpartum bleeding. So critical is its role in maternal health that the World Health Organization recommends it as the drug of choice in postpartum haemorrhage. Oxytocin stimulates lactation in cattle, dairy farmers inject the drug indiscriminately to increase milk production. Citing overuse and abuse of the hormone in dairy farms, Union Health Ministry’s has banned the retail sale and private manufacture of oxytocin. Read more at The Hindu.
   

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