Prelims Quiz – July 13, 2018

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With reference to social audits in India, which of the following statements are true: (1) Meghalaya is the first state to pass social audit legislation in India. (2) Social Audit in Gram Sabhas are mandatory as per the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act.
   
Only 1
Answer  – Only 1. Meghalaya is the first state to pass a social audit legislation, the Meghalaya Community Participation and Public Services Social Audit Act. This act mandates social audit over 21 schemes and 11 departments. Social audits are mandatory as per the 73rd CAA, 1993, through with the Village communities are empowered to conduct social audit of all development work in their respective villages and the concerned authorities are duty bound to facilitate them. The instructions require that special Gram Sabhas be arranged to conduct Social Audits in every ward and that Social Audits of all ongoing development works be included as an item of discussion in every Gram Sabha meeting.
   
Only 2
Answer  – Only 1. Meghalaya is the first state to pass a social audit legislation, the Meghalaya Community Participation and Public Services Social Audit Act. This act mandates social audit over 21 schemes and 11 departments. Social audits are mandatory as per the 73rd CAA, 1993, through with the Village communities are empowered to conduct social audit of all development work in their respective villages and the concerned authorities are duty bound to facilitate them. The instructions require that special Gram Sabhas be arranged to conduct Social Audits in every ward and that Social Audits of all ongoing development works be included as an item of discussion in every Gram Sabha meeting.
   
Both 1 and 2
Answer  – Only 1. Meghalaya is the first state to pass a social audit legislation, the Meghalaya Community Participation and Public Services Social Audit Act. This act mandates social audit over 21 schemes and 11 departments. Social audits are mandatory as per the 73rd CAA, 1993, through with the Village communities are empowered to conduct social audit of all development work in their respective villages and the concerned authorities are duty bound to facilitate them. The instructions require that special Gram Sabhas be arranged to conduct Social Audits in every ward and that Social Audits of all ongoing development works be included as an item of discussion in every Gram Sabha meeting.
 
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  – Only 1. Meghalaya is the first state to pass a social audit legislation, the Meghalaya Community Participation and Public Services Social Audit Act. This act mandates social audit over 21 schemes and 11 departments. Social audits are mandatory as per the 73rd CAA, 1993, through with the Village communities are empowered to conduct social audit of all development work in their respective villages and the concerned authorities are duty bound to facilitate them. The instructions require that special Gram Sabhas be arranged to conduct Social Audits in every ward and that Social Audits of all ongoing development works be included as an item of discussion in every Gram Sabha meeting.
   
 
The terms Blue Line and Green Line are sometimes mentioned in the news in the context of the affairs of:
   
Israel
Answer – Israel. The Blue Line is a border demarcation between Lebanon and Israel published by the United Nations on 7 June 2000 for the purposes of determining whether Israel had fully withdrawn from Lebanon. The Green Line, or (pre-) 1967 border or 1949 Armistice border, is the demarcation line set out in the 1949 Armistice Agreementsbetween the armies of Israel and those of its neighbors (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria) after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The purple line was the ceasefire line between Israel and Syria after the 1967 Six-Day War and serves as the de facto border between the two countries.
   
United States
Answer – Israel. The Blue Line is a border demarcation between Lebanon and Israel published by the United Nations on 7 June 2000 for the purposes of determining whether Israel had fully withdrawn from Lebanon. The Green Line, or (pre-) 1967 border or 1949 Armistice border, is the demarcation line set out in the 1949 Armistice Agreementsbetween the armies of Israel and those of its neighbors (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria) after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The purple line was the ceasefire line between Israel and Syria after the 1967 Six-Day War and serves as the de facto border between the two countries.
   
Afghanistan
Answer – Israel. The Blue Line is a border demarcation between Lebanon and Israel published by the United Nations on 7 June 2000 for the purposes of determining whether Israel had fully withdrawn from Lebanon. The Green Line, or (pre-) 1967 border or 1949 Armistice border, is the demarcation line set out in the 1949 Armistice Agreementsbetween the armies of Israel and those of its neighbors (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria) after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The purple line was the ceasefire line between Israel and Syria after the 1967 Six-Day War and serves as the de facto border between the two countries.
 
Myanmar
Answer – Israel. The Blue Line is a border demarcation between Lebanon and Israel published by the United Nations on 7 June 2000 for the purposes of determining whether Israel had fully withdrawn from Lebanon. The Green Line, or (pre-) 1967 border or 1949 Armistice border, is the demarcation line set out in the 1949 Armistice Agreementsbetween the armies of Israel and those of its neighbors (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria) after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The purple line was the ceasefire line between Israel and Syria after the 1967 Six-Day War and serves as the de facto border between the two countries.
   
 
The terms INCERFA, ALERFA and DETRESFA are associated with:
   
Distress terms for aircrafts
Answer – Distress terms for aircrafts. Convention on International Civil Aviation defines three emergency phases which are referred to as the Uncertainty Phase, the Alert Phase and the Distress Phase. Uncertainty phase (INCERFA): a situation wherein uncertainty exists as to the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Alert phase (ALERFA): a situation wherein apprehension exists as to the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Distress phase (DETRESFA): a situation wherein there is a reasonable certainty that an aircraft and its occupants are threatened by grave and imminent danger and require immediate assistance. Recently in news when The Meghdoot Embraer 135 aircraft carrying Ms. Sushma Swaraj was traced after INCERFA was activated, the code for a situation in which uncertainty exists over the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Read more at The Hindu.
   
Stages of volcanic eruptions
Answer – Distress terms for aircrafts. Convention on International Civil Aviation defines three emergency phases which are referred to as the Uncertainty Phase, the Alert Phase and the Distress Phase. Uncertainty phase (INCERFA): a situation wherein uncertainty exists as to the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Alert phase (ALERFA): a situation wherein apprehension exists as to the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Distress phase (DETRESFA): a situation wherein there is a reasonable certainty that an aircraft and its occupants are threatened by grave and imminent danger and require immediate assistance. Recently in news when The Meghdoot Embraer 135 aircraft carrying Ms. Sushma Swaraj was traced after INCERFA was activated, the code for a situation in which uncertainty exists over the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Read more at The Hindu.
   
Flood control measures
Answer – Distress terms for aircrafts. Convention on International Civil Aviation defines three emergency phases which are referred to as the Uncertainty Phase, the Alert Phase and the Distress Phase. Uncertainty phase (INCERFA): a situation wherein uncertainty exists as to the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Alert phase (ALERFA): a situation wherein apprehension exists as to the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Distress phase (DETRESFA): a situation wherein there is a reasonable certainty that an aircraft and its occupants are threatened by grave and imminent danger and require immediate assistance. Recently in news when The Meghdoot Embraer 135 aircraft carrying Ms. Sushma Swaraj was traced after INCERFA was activated, the code for a situation in which uncertainty exists over the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Read more at The Hindu.
 
Stages of separation of space-craft from launcher
Answer – Distress terms for aircrafts. Convention on International Civil Aviation defines three emergency phases which are referred to as the Uncertainty Phase, the Alert Phase and the Distress Phase. Uncertainty phase (INCERFA): a situation wherein uncertainty exists as to the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Alert phase (ALERFA): a situation wherein apprehension exists as to the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Distress phase (DETRESFA): a situation wherein there is a reasonable certainty that an aircraft and its occupants are threatened by grave and imminent danger and require immediate assistance. Recently in news when The Meghdoot Embraer 135 aircraft carrying Ms. Sushma Swaraj was traced after INCERFA was activated, the code for a situation in which uncertainty exists over the safety of an aircraft and its occupants. Read more at The Hindu.
   
 
Consider the following statements about the ‘Clean Seas Programme’ launched by the United Nations Environment Programme: (1) India has joined the Clean Seas Programme; (2) The ‘Clean Seas Programme’ focuses specifically on reducing oil spills in the oceans. Which of the above statement(s) are correct.
   
Only 1
Answer – Only 1. India has joined the Clean Seas Programme. Also, the United Nations Environment Programme launched The Clean Seas Programme in February 2017, with the aim of engaging governments, the general public, civil society and the private sector in the fight against marine plastic litter. The Programme will address the root-cause of marine litter by targeting the production and consumption of non-recoverable and single-use plastic. Read more here.
   
Only 2
Answer – Only 1. India has joined the Clean Seas Programme. Also, the United Nations Environment Programme launched The Clean Seas Programme in February 2017, with the aim of engaging governments, the general public, civil society and the private sector in the fight against marine plastic litter.
The Programme will address the root-cause of marine litter by targeting the production and consumption of non-recoverable and single-use plastic. Read more here.
   
Both 1 and 2
Answer – Only 1. India has joined the Clean Seas Programme. Also, the United Nations Environment Programme launched The Clean Seas Programme in February 2017, with the aim of engaging governments, the general public, civil society and the private sector in the fight against marine plastic litter. The Programme will address the root-cause of marine litter by targeting the production and consumption of non-recoverable and single-use plastic. Read more here.
 
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer – Only 1. India has joined the Clean Seas Programme. Also, the United Nations Environment Programme launched The Clean Seas Programme in February 2017, with the aim of engaging governments, the general public, civil society and the private sector in the fight against marine plastic litter. The Programme will address the root-cause of marine litter by targeting the production and consumption of non-recoverable and single-use plastic. Read more here.
   
 
Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) is sometimes mentioned in the news in the context of the affairs of:
   
United States of America
Answer – United States of America. COMCASA is meant to provide a legal framework for the transfer of communication security equipment from the US to India that would facilitate “interoperability” between their forces — and potentially with other militaries that use US-origin systems for secured data links. The general agreement signed by the US is called the Communication and Information on Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) but the name was changed to COMCASA to reflect its India-specific nature. Read more at The Indian Express.
   
China
Answer – United States of America. COMCASA is meant to provide a legal framework for the transfer of communication security equipment from the US to India that would facilitate “interoperability” between their forces — and potentially with other militaries that use US-origin systems for secured data links. The general agreement signed by the US is called the Communication and Information on Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) but the name was changed to COMCASA to reflect its India-specific nature. Read more at The Indian Express.
   
Japan
Answer – United States of America. COMCASA is meant to provide a legal framework for the transfer of communication security equipment from the US to India that would facilitate “interoperability” between their forces — and potentially with other militaries that use US-origin systems for secured data links. The general agreement signed by the US is called the Communication and Information on Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) but the name was changed to COMCASA to reflect its India-specific nature. Read more at The Indian Express.
 
South Korea
Answer – United States of America. COMCASA is meant to provide a legal framework for the transfer of communication security equipment from the US to India that would facilitate “interoperability” between their forces — and potentially with other militaries that use US-origin systems for secured data links. The general agreement signed by the US is called the Communication and Information on Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) but the name was changed to COMCASA to reflect its India-specific nature. Read more at The Indian Express.
   

 

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